In case some resources are unavailable, make necessary
arrangements ahead of time, or use your creativity to find
substitutes to support the training exercises.
Suggestions for set-up
Certain ways of arranging a room facilitate an open and
equal learning environment for all the participants of the training
session (including the training team).
It is advisable to arrange the furniture so that the
participants are able to face one another. This kind of set-up
promotes open communication and the sharing of ideas. One common
way to facilitate this is to organize the table and chairs in
a U-shape, with the facilitator and visuals located in the front,
as seen below in Picture 1.
Another effective arrangement for smaller groups is a
circle, as seen in Picture 2. Chairs should be easily moveable
around the room, depending on the conditions and types of training
activities (for example, to conduct smaller working groups).
Facilitators should use their own judgment for whether
or not tables are necessary in the set-ups presented in Pictures
1 and 2. A traditional classroom set-up with tables in rows,
however, is generally not effective. A more relaxed set-up
is better for encouraging open communication.
Two of the most common schemes for arranging tables and
participants are illustrated
Excerpted from Prevention
of Domestic Violence and Trafficking in Human Beings, Training
Manual, Winrock International.
Facilitators are not teachers in the traditional sense; their
role is rather to facilitate the process of learning by the
participants, to be an intermediary between new knowledge, fresh
ideas and the group. The responsibility of a facilitator is
to build a relationship with the group participants. To this
end, while working with the group, the facilitator should demonstrate
in practice her/his belief in the principles of non-violence
and gender equality. In most cases, facilitators work in pairs
– as a training team.
Facilitators can either be from outside or inside of the organization
requesting training. They can also be from the same or a different
country or culture than the country of training. Combining
inside and outside facilitators as a team creates an especially
effective training, as each facilitator brings different skills
and knowledge to the sessions. For example, an outside consultant
facilitator can bring the overall knowledge and skills for facilitating
a training workshop on a particular issue, while the internal
facilitators bring knowledge of the organization and the country
specifics in relation to the training issue.
It is important that the selection of facilitators be
based on the following criteria:
The facilitator(s) must have:
1) The facilitator should have knowledge
of the country’s historical and current background on the topic
2) The facilitator should know which international
treaties and laws the country has signed/ratified in relation
to the topic of training;
3) The facilitator should
be aware of any issues of current concern in relation to the
audience being trained.
The Tips for Facilitators page offers instructions
for the training team before and during
It is important to consider the size of the group being trained.
If the group is too small (i.e. less than 10 participants) it
may be difficult to facilitate discussion. With a larger group,
however, the learning process may be slower. The optimal number
of participants in a training session is 15-20 persons.
It is necessary to consider in advance who exactly needs
this particular training and whether the chosen participants
are responsible and receptive enough to learn something useful
from the session.
One of the major training objectives is the creation
of equal opportunities for all participants during the
training session. Equity and mutual respect among all members
of the group (including the facilitators) are essential in fully
accepting new knowledge and opinions. The training session
should help build trust among the members of the group to each
other, the facilitators, as well as to new ideas and new information.
In order to better appreciate and digest the learning material,
it is important to develop an atmosphere in the group, which
will encourage each participant to openly express his or her
ideas, and search for answers to questions posed. That is why
the training team needs to plan well in advance on how to create
equal opportunities for all the participants of the training
session. The Tips for Facilitators page offers tips on planning
for participants needs.
What is a Training | Needs
Assessment | Goals and Objectives
Organizing a Training Workshop
| [Preparing the Training Program]
| Conducting Exercises | Training
Methods | Tips for Facilitators
| [Model Sessions]
| Final Remarks
Guidelines for Developing a Training