Therefore, besides a general training plan, it is necessary to
develop a more detailed plan of how each exercise will be conducted.
While planning an exercise, it is advisable to take in account
priorities, i.e. all important issues should be addressed at the
beginning of the session, secondary issues may be
combined and summarized for the remainder of the time.
Each exercise is divided into specific consistent logical steps:
introduction leads the training group into
the main topic of the exercise and sets the guidelines.
2) Then, through various techniques,
the facilitators gradually facilitate reaching the goal
of the exercise.
3) The exercise concludes with
the Facilitator’s commentary or debriefing,
which allows the training team to summarize the results of the
discussion, briefly review the group’s accomplishments and
emphasize the most important points regarding the subject of the
exercise. The facilitator’s commentary is a response
to the objectives set forth for the exercise.
The training team should share a very clear vision of the
results they seek to achieve with the group, as well as the techniques
that will be used in the process. Interactive methodologies facilitate
attaining the objective of the exercise, as well as the free exchange
of thoughts and feelings after each exercise. However, with some
interactive methodologies, such as a group discussion, it is important
that the facilitator focus the group’s attention on the
main issue and prevent any irrelevant issues from being discussed.
It is advisable to determine the parameters for conducting the
group discussion. The parameters will depend on the time remaining
for each exercise (it is particularly necessary to narrow the
topic of discussion when time is short) or on the group composition
(professional affiliation of group members, their education, age,
etc.). Such planning helps facilitators make their points more
effectively and avoid controversial arguments.
Some flexibility is necessary, however, to ensure active
participation, otherwise the group’s grasp of the subject
matter may be insufficient and they will not master any new information.
The Tips for Facilitators page offers some advice on how
the effectiveness of training exercises and activities.
What is a Training
| Needs Assessment | Goals
Organizing a Training Workshop
| Preparing the Training
Program | Conducting Exercises |
Training Methods | Tips
for Facilitators | [Model
Sessions] | Final Remarks
Guidelines for Developing a Training